Civil-Military Coordination and Humanitarian Access

Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination for Asia and the Pacific

A multi-stakeholder Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination for Asia and the Pacific was formed in 2014 to act as a regional forum that brings together the humanitarian, civilian and military actors involved in disaster response preparedness planning and disaster response in the region. As outlined in the RCG Terms of Reference, the RCG was formed to:

  • discuss response preparedness planning, with a focus on coordination of operational planning between civilian and military actors;
  • facilitate exchange of information and innovative ideas to enable well-coordinated and needs-based effective disaster response to a broad range of humanitarian emergency operations;
  • strengthen linkages with other relevant platforms with an emphasis on the relationship with Regional Organizations and the Global Consultative Group on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination.

The chairmanship of the RCG is rotated among Member States on an annual basis. The Government of Nepal is serving as the Chair for 2020-2021.

Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination in Emergencies: Towards a Predictable Model

The first session of the RCG took place in 2015 in Thailand and discussions focused on enhancing operational response planning between civilian and military actors for major disasters in the five priority countries. A key recommendation that emerged from this RCG first session was to ‘enhance predictability and develop a common understanding of the civil-military coordination mechanisms and their respective functions during a response.’  This publication aims to address this recommendation by outlining the civil-military coordination mechanisms in the five priority countries and how these are activated during disaster response efforts in line with regional frameworks and guidance. This publication provides a context for humanitarian civil-military coordination in Asia at the regional level and considers existing national guidance and structures for civil-military coordination in disaster response, linkages to global and regional guidance and some of the challenges that exist in providing humanitarian assistance and protection to disaster-affected populations.  This publication has been produced as a collaboration between the Humanitarian Advisory Group (HAG), the Australian Civil-Military Centre (ACMC), and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA), Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP).